History of Baragwanath Airfield and the JLPC

Article by Alan Hindle, originally published in World Airnews magazine.
August 1988


There are few pilots flying today who do not have fond memories of the old Baragwanath airfield, which was situated to the south of Johannesburg. Many will have done their training there, but few know its whole history. Aviation writer and artist, Alan Hindle, has thoroughly researched the subject and his article is published to commemorate the fifth anniversary of the loss of an old friend, Bara-G…

The name, Baragwanath, today is synonymous with one of the biggest hospitals in the Southern Hemi­ sphere, but for two generations of pilots and airmen it will always be affectionately known as “Bara- G”.

It is now five years since the aerodrome closed down, but many pilots still fly over the area to capture the nostalgia they once knew in the halcyon days gone by.

The Johannesburg Light Plane Club (JLPC) was formed in 1927 at a meeting in Johannesburg, and when it was finally disbanded, it was regarded as being one of the oldest active flying clubs in the world.

Flying from Bara-G began long before 1927, however. On November 15, 1919, a special edition of “The Star” was flown to Durban by Major Alister Miller in a World War I Avro 504 biplane, which is considered as being the first commercial flight in South Africa.

Baragwanath had the distinction of having the first aerial transportation company in South Africa. It was registered as SA Air Transport (South Africa) Limited with Captain Miller as one of the directors. This outstanding pioneering pilot was also instrumental in forming Union Airways, a precursor of the present South African Airways.

The company lasted until 1921 when it folded due to the lack of money and suitable aircraft. The aerodrome which had been cleared of blue gum trees now .lay redundant, and was used by a dairy farm nearby for grazing cows. The original farm gate was still there when the club house was demolished in 1982 and remains there to this day.

In 1926 two WWI pilots, Captains Rod Douglas and Stan Halse, met at a little hotel run by Douglas, which later became famous as a Johannesburg landmark, known as Uncle Charlies, named after big game hunter and entrepreneur, Charles de Jongh, who also ran a filling station at the well-known intersection.

Over drinks, Douglas and Halse discussed the formation of a flying club and approached Rand Mines for permission to use the grounds previously used for the first aerodrome. This was agreed to on a tenure basis.

At the inaugural meeting, 133 air-minded citizens were enrolled as members and a committee was formed. The club became known as the Johannesburg Light Plane Club with Stan Halse as its first instructor and Rod Douglas as club captain.

Rand Mines brought its steam wagons in and enlarged the aerodrome by clearing the blue gum trees. A little reed club house was built complete with prirnus stove, a hurricane lamp, a desk, chair and a mildewed map of the Transvaal pinned to a blackboard. But there was no aeroplane. Instead, the club existed for a whole year without an aeroplane and it had no funds available to buy one. However, a wealthy business man, Glen Bateman, came to the rescue and leased his aircraft, an Avro Avian, to the club. Later a Cirrus Moth appeared on the scene and the club was underway.

Civil aviation in South Africa really took off at this stage and, in retrospect, no history of civil aviation can be complete without frequent reference being made to the JLPC, which was synonymous with the history of Johannesburg, sharing its depressions and prosperity.


The late 1920s and early 1930s were difficult years for the club; the world was in the throes of a depression and all flying clubs were affected.

The first disaster struck the club when the Cirrus Moth crashed on take-off and 200 members were left without an aeroplane and, as no finances were available for a replacement, the club was back to square one. However, light appeared again in the form of Sir Charles Wakefield, oil millionaire and philanthropist, who presented one Gipsy Moth to every budding flying club throughout the British Empire. Baragwanath received its in October 1929.

This much sought-after and coveted aeroplane had by then made its mark in the aviation world by long distance record breaking flights, making de Havilland the leading manufacturer of light aeroplanes in the world, immortalizing the names of the great women pilots like Amy Johnson, Jean Batten, and the Duchess of Bedford.

The Gipsy Moth became a legend at Baragwanath, particularly ZS-ABM. It entered service in 1929 and trained scores of pilots right to the outbreak of World War II, and finally collapsed, some said, from sheer exhaustion at the hands of the new SAAF pupil pilots.

At this stage in the club’s history, the SAAF came to the club’s rescue, as it has done for so many of the flying clubs throughout South Africa. Organized by Sir Pierre van Ryneveld, the air force put on a magnificent display at­ tended by a huge crowd. The formation flying display was carried out using DH-9s of WWI vintage, some of which had been used in action during the 1922 miners’ uprising. One of these aircraft can still be seen today in the Johannesburg War Museum.

I was five years old at the time of that memorable air display, and recall Stan Halse, who was then chief instructor at the club, doing the first parachute jump. We ran toward where he had landed and found him smoking a cigar! The club’s fortunes improved dramatically after this and a new phase in aviation began to develop. More money became available, more aircraft were purchased, and many private owners hangared their aircraft at Baragwanath.

THE 1930s

Going back to 1930, the club had by then logged over 2 000 hours flying, trained 13 pilots and achieved the distinction of training the country’s first commercial pilot, G.B.D. Williams.

By March 1931, the club was averaging 230 flying hours per month. Flares were laid out next to the main runway and night flying began.

The club was now well established as the largest in the Southern Hemisphere. It was at this stage that some of the great personalities in aviation began arriving.

Pride of JLPC in 1931 was this Gipsy Moth, ZS-ACD

Flying became very popular in the 1930s and big crowds flocked to Baragwanath every weekend. A new attraction in 1931 was the first monoplane in South Africa, a Puss Moth belonging to Cmdr. Glen Kidston. Tragically it later broke up over the Drakensberg in severe turbulence, killing the pilot. This aircraft type was withdrawn from service worldwide for wing modification, the main spar being suspect.

Many famous pilots became intimately associated with Baragwanath Airfield over the years. This photograph, taken in the mid 1930s, shows Len Spoor (left), Jim Kelly (centre) and an unidentified pilot standing alongside Gipsy Moth, ZS-ADW.

Crowds were allowed to wander around the aerodrome at will, and club members, to encourage air mindedness, put on impromptu air displays. Over weekends, the crowds were treated to low level aerobatics and the flour bombing of racing cars.

The club by this time had acquired a hard working Fox Moth, registration ZS-ADH

This was a large biplane carrying three passengers inside with the pilot sitting in an open cockpit. He could be seen through an oval celluloid window, and communication was by flexible rubber pipe. There must be hundreds of elderly men and women on the Reef today who had their first flight in this machine. The flips cost five shillings for children and 15 shillings for adults, and was over Johannesburg.

I saved up my pocket money for my first flip, and when I saw the tube hanging down, I tried to speak to the pilot. A freckled-faced girl with spectacles and prominent teeth, lisped angrily at me: “Don’t do that! You’ll take his mind off what he is doing and we may crash!”

The pilot, I recall, wore a white silk shirt, tie flapping in the breeze, white linen helmet, and a very bored expression.


Mention must be made at this stage of the pioneer women pilots who flew at Baragwanath in the 1930s.

Foremost of these was Dulcie Evans, who was the first woman to make the solo trip from Port Elizabeth to the Reef. Margarie Douglas, sister of Colonel Rod Douglas, was the first woman to solo at Bara-G. There was also Rosemund Everard Steenkamp, who was prominent in all the pre-war air races, and a memorial trophy was later presented in her name to outstanding woman pilots.

There were many more, including Miss Penny Salmond, who was a star acrobatic pilot; Doreen Hooper, who later became a colonel in the WAAF, and petite Jackie Serour, a true ace. She used to ride to Baragwanath on a bicycle to save money for flying lessons. After qualifying with a commercial rating, she went to England at the outbreak of war and became an ATS pilot ferrying Spitfires and Lancasters.

The de Havilland Aircraft Company of South Africa decided to make its headquarters at Baragwanath in the mid 1930s. This brought about a big change. No longer a small flying club aerodrome, it was now a rapidly growing training centre and many of the big industrialists in mining and manufacturing were moving their aircraft to Baragwanath.

Some exotic aeroplanes were seen at this time, including the first Cessna in South Africa, which belonged to Mr Charles Kallenbach, of the well-known timber firm; a beautiful Waco, belonging to millionaire Otto Thaning, Danish Consul for South Africa, and two Fairchilds belonging to a mining group.


With the increased flying activity at Baragwanath, accidents were inevitable. The worst occurred about this time. Major P. Cochran and his passenger, Michael Oppenheimer, nephew of Sir Ernest Oppenheimer, lost their lives when the DH Dragon Rapide they were flying side-slipped into the ground shortly after take-off under full power and burst into flames. Great heroism was shown on that day by ground engineer Stanley People, who was test flying an aeroplane at the time. He landed his aircraft near the burning wreckage, and pulled both bodies out of the flames.

Highlight of the mid 1930s was the arrival of world-famous Sir Alan Cobham and his Circus who put on a magnificent display despite low cloud and drizzle. The feature of the dis­ play was low level aerobatics in a red low wing Junkers monoplane. The pilot thrilled the large crowd present by brushing the blue gum trees with his wing tips in the inverted position in poor visibility. It was claimed that the pilot was a WWI German ace.


In 1935, the Johannesburg Light Plane Club was still operating from makeshift premises­ a reed hut with a corrugated iron shed alongside. This was at the centre of the aerodrome. It was ironic that the club, which founded the aerodrome, should be housed in these conditions while aircraft companies which came much later were accommodated in comfortable offices and surroundings.

Plans were drawn up for the establishment of a new club house as the only amenities the club then enjoyed were still the old Primus stove, and hurricane lamps. Water had to be brought from Uncle Charlies garage in drums.

Dances were held in the hangars.

Gone now were the halcyon days of barn storming and flour bombing; a new social strata was emerging in the flying world.

The new club house was completed in 1937 and the occasion was marked with a huge display by the army and air force. Guest of Honour was Oswald Pirow, the then Minister of Defence.

The SAAF put on a magnificent performance in perfect flying weather. Highlight of the display was the new Hawker Fury, a classic aeroplane which is still considered to this day by aeroplane buffs as the most beautiful and elegant aircraft ever flown.

The whole scene at Baragwanath now changed with the advent of the new club house, which had been designed on the English Tudor style manor house so familiar to thousands of people over the years.

A new committee of wealthy and influential businessmen, including mining magnates, took over the club’s activities. The Johannesburg Light Plane Club became organised on the same lines as the other elite clubs of Johannesburg – very British, and very urbane. Toasts were drunk to the King and the waiters wore white tunics with red sashes and served with white gloves. The crockery was mono­grammed. Tennis courts and a swimming pool were laid out and squash courts built.

The flying scene changed dramatically as well. The aerodrome was enlarged and a main runway laid down. Until then, aeroplanes had been landing in all directions. A new control tower was completed and strict discipline was enforced.

At this stage, a new aeroplane came on the scene – the famous and legendary Tiger Moth. JLPC was the first club to introduce the type in South Africa. These aircraft had been supplied on an Air Ministry contract for Royal Air Force training and were considered military aircraft.

This photograph, taken in 1937, shows JLPC’s first brand new de Havilland DH.82A Tiger Moths, ZS-AHI and ZS-AHJ, shortly after they had arrived from the factory in Hatfield, England.

The first three Tiger Moths to arrive were brand new (ZS-AHA, ZS-AHK and ZS-AHI) and painted maroon and silver. The ageing Gipsy Moths were phased out.

Baragwanath was destined to become the traditional home of the Tiger Moth in South Africa. Large numbers flew there during and after the war.

I had the distinction of flying my own ZS-­DNP as the last aeroplane to leave Baragwanath on July 3, 1983, when the club closed down. (This milestone flight is recorded in the photograph on the front cover).


The elegant and regal splendour of the club was short lived. Events in Europe were moving to a catastrophic climax with the declaration of war in September 1939.

The South African Government lost no time in organising the country on a war footing; this included the major aerodromes. Baragwanath was taken over by the South African Air Force and became a major training establishment in the Empire Air Training scheme, becoming known as No. 1 EFTS. These schools were established in the then Southern Rhodesia, New Zealand, Australia, Canada, India, and South Africa.

The main aircraft used for training was the Tiger Moth. The club’s three Tigers lost their elegant livery of maroon and silver and donned their war “uniform” of yellow ochre, roundels and registration numbers, thus losing their identity in the anonymity of training planes for war.

The scene at Bara-G was changed also by blue uniforms of the RAF. There were pilots from Canada and Australia and many names emerged from Baragwanath which were to become legendary in the aviation world, including Stan Gray, Len Spoor, and Jim Kelly, who went on to become the chief flying instructor in the Empire Central Flying School in England during the war. There were others as well, too numerous to mention in this brief history of this club, to whom tribute must be paid. Many did not return from the battle-scarred skies of Europe and Africa. We will remember them.


“Future Of Aerodrome In Doubt”, reads the yellowed newspaper clipping from “The Star” in the Baragwanath library file dated September 17, 1931, and on top of the file, the latest clipping gloomily records, “Baragwanath may go”.

The threat of closure hung over the club throughout its long history, which resulted in a perpetual feeling of insecurity.

The ground belonged to Rand Mines and it was valuable. As the club watched the encroachment of industries around the periphery of the aerodrome and the growing expansion of Soweto, its members knew that eventual closure was a certainty. However, when WWII ended, another 37 years were to pass before this became a fact.

In those 37 years JLPC grew to become one of the greatest clubs in the world with 600 members and over 300 aircraft, including 17 Tiger Moths reckoned to have been the most anywhere in the world based at one airfield. Then, too, there was the thriving gliding community which provided pilots of world class standard who represented South Africa in many countries, and later a parachute club.

The accident rate was low when the density of traffic is considered. But Baragwanath had its tragedies. Many young pilots were lost and the club felt this deeply. Accidents were analysed and great effort was made to avoid similar causes in the training programmes. Safety seminars were constantly being held at the club.

JLPC was resurrected in 1945 under the leadership of Mr George McKenzie, who had been chairman prior to the war. His financial expertise enabled the club to resume activities on a sound financial footing.

The SAAF moved in again with the Harvards of No. 3 Squadron, and the Clubhouse once more became the scene of many a “thrash” as it had been during the war when it was an officers’ mess.

Baragwanath became a disposal site for vast quantities of war material, which included damaged Spitfires, Harvards, Hurricanes and Tiger Moths. Fifty of the Tigers were saved and came under the auctioneer’s hammer one Saturday morning in 1947. The best were reserved for the flying clubs at £50 sterling each. A good Tiger Moth today is valued at between R60 000 and R70 000. The rest were sold for scrap, including the Spitfires and Hurricanes.

A priceless Fairey Sworqfish naval aircraft was sold for £60 and used by a charter company to tow banners, but it was too heavy on fuel and it, too, was broken up, as were many other aircraft. These, today, would probably fetch in the vicinity of a million rand.


Flying began once more when the club re­opened on April 4, 1947. Chief flying instructor was Jim Kelly assisted by war-experienced Stan Gray, Fritz Johl, Hansie Haarhoff, a star aerobatic pilot, and Alan Bell. Kelly was club captain until 1953 when he was tragically killed in a car accident in Swaziland.

The Tiger Moth was the sole trainer for many years and one Tiger, ZS-BSF, now privately owned, has flown continuously since the end of the war. It towed gliders for four years. So great was the affection for this machine by the club that other aircraft were cannibalised to keep it flying.

The club later changed to Chipmunks, a very popular aeroplane, but went back to Tigers again in the late 1950s when the Chipmunks became too expensive to maintain.

Highlight of the post war period was the 25th anniversary of the club. The SAAF put on its usual immaculate display, with the main feature being three Harvards tied together in a aerobatic sequence flown by leader, Fritz Johl, Tommy Vanstan and Stan Murray. The public was introduced to the new Vampire jet at this display.

The club relinquished the Tiger Moth as a trainer forever in 1965 when the last one was sold. Cessna 150s and Piper Cherokees were introduced and the helmet and goggles era was over.

However, many privately-owned Tigers were still around, and when hangarage became available at Bara-G, their numbers swelled to 17 in 1970. Some of these aircraft had probably flown at the airport during the war and many were immaculately restored. A Tiger Moth Club was formed and was run on the similar lines to that of the famous Tiger Club at Redhill in England. It is still in existence.

The last barnstorming attraction at Baragwanath was held in October 1970 when The Star newspaper organised a race for these aeroplanes awarding an engraved cup to the winner.

Baragwanath produced some outstanding pilots during the post war period, again too numerous to mention here. However, among them are Nick Turvey, aerobatic ace for many years; Brian Zeederberg, great-grandson of the founder of Zeederberg Coach Service at the turn of the century, who became world aerobatic champion in Tiger Moths; “Bomber” Jackson, world gliding champion in the 1950s, and star aerobatic pilot, Scully Levin, of SAA, who is still thrilling the crowds as leader of the Winfield aerobatic team.

Then, too, there were Russell Anderson, of Rand Mines, who used his influence to save the club as long as possible, and Johannesburg lawyer, Philip Hesselson, who steered the club through good times and bad. He had learnt to fly on a Gipsy Moth in 1930 and was the club’s oldest member.


The ominous warning in the faded yellow clippings of “The Star” of 1931 became a reality in 1982 when the club was given notice by Rand Mines to vacate the aerodrome.

On April 6, 1982, the last air display took place, with 12 Tiger Moths proudly flying over the airfield in formation in nostalgic tribute to the home they had known for so long.

We salute a great aerodrome and the great flying people who flew from there for 56 years.

JLPC circa 1927
Photograph: Stewart Fritz Johl via Tinus le Roux
The JLPC Clubhouse and the de Havilland workshops and hangar.
Photograph taken 6 January 1936.
The de Havilland South Africa workshops and hangar.
Photograph taken 6 January 1936.
Recreational area – Swimming Pool / Squash Court side (south entrance), of the JLPC Clubhouse at the “old” Baragwanath Airfield.
Photograph:Noel Otten
Baragwanath Airfield cotrol tower. The aircraft in the foreground is ZS-DCS, a Ryan Navion.
Baragwanath Airfield clubhouse
Aerial view of Baragwanath, taken in May 1951.
Aerial view of Baragwanath, taken in May 1951. The hangar with the Control Tower on top still exists, as at April 2013 – see yellow arrow. The GPS co-ordinates of the Control Tower are:
26°15’22.61″S 27°58’28.42″E
AIRPHILSA 33: The last Flight out of Baragwanath was in 1982 with Brian Zeederberg flying a Piper Cherokee.


In the early 1980s, Baragwanath was closed down, and the club forced to move to a new piece of land called Syferfontein.

Unfortunately, the move orchestrated a split between the powered fly and gliding aspects of Baragwanath. The vast majority of the gliding pilots made their way to Orient Airfield, in the Magaliesberg Mountain Range, whilst the power pilots moved the hangars to Syferfontein. The first pilot to fly in to the new airfield was Roy Watson, who took up residence in Hangar 1, the rest of the JLPC members following in quick succession.

An opening Airshow was held once the runway had been laid and the hangars erected, which involved demonstrations by members’ aircraft. One noteworthy display was that of Tiger Moth ZS-UKW which did steep turns around a hot air balloon piloted by Richard MacLaine. There were also a number of formation fly pasts and aerobatic displays that set the scene for the new Baragwanath’s future.

A permanent aerobatic box was established, and Syferfontein became home of the Sport Aerobatic Club of South Africa. Numerous aerobatic contests took place over the years, with numerous pilots earning their Springbok colours, including Dieter Ebeling, Bob Hay and Brian Zeedeberg.

A clubhouse was built, and the airfield became the location of many social and fun events, including numerous driving lessons for the children of JLPC members! During the fledgling stages of the airfield, there was a small dam to the east of the field which was home to some seasonal flamingos. Unfortunately, the birds have long since departed, hopefully not because of conflicting airspace operations. Beautifying the open veld with some shade was also done under the auspices of the members, and the tall tree which still stands next to the Impala Jet Gate Guard was originally Bob Hay’s Christmas tree.

After the clubhouse was constructed, Brian Zeedeberg and Ian Popplewell established their larger hangar at the southern end of the airfield, and Syferfontein became known affectionately as home of the ‘Pomp and Jive Air Force’ for a number of years. Members would be seen wearing the light blue T-shirts with the slogan “it’s hard to soar like an eagle when you are stuck with a bunch of turkeys.” The humour and camaraderie was what the atmosphere of the airfield was built on, and Syferfontein became the location for numerous social events over the years, the highlight being the annual year-end party which was invariably a themed fancy dress occasion.

At this time, the Airshow act known as Snoopy and the Red Baron came to fame. It began with Dave Gill wing walking off the side of the Zeedeberg/Popplewell Bucker whilst ‘Snoopy’ took pot shots at the aircraft using an ever-increasing amount of firepower. The routine was a real hit with the crowd, and eventually some home-made pyrotechnics were used to enhance the act. This usually went according to plan, until the Grand Central Airshow where the veldt caught alight, and when the fire truck came to the rescue, it was out of water! The Snoopy Act involved a number of different pilots and biplanes over the years, and its status amongst Air Show enthusiasts became that of legend.

Air Show attendance and gaggles of JLPC aircraft attending various fly-ins also became regular. Brian Zeedeberg planned some trips to Mozambique, which included attending the Maputo Air Show as well as some beach, sun and fun while flying up the African coast. The Experimental Aircraft Association’s functions were always a highlight, with the Margate Airshow and Conventions as well as the Rustenburg Sun ‘n Fun camping outings being highlights in the flying calendar.

In the early 1990s, the two gate guards were purchased, the initial acquisition being the ex-Silver Falcon Aerobatic Team’s Impala. The jet was erected on a stand outside the clubhouse, and the ex-SAAF Harvard joined it on another stand outside the clubhouse during the early 2000s. These old aircraft would have been scrapped, as all serviceable parts had been removed and the airframes and wings were no longer airworthy, so it is apt that they spend their final days overlooking an airfield that is a hub of grassroots aviation. During the same period, it was decided to incorporate the original identity of the Johannesburg Light Plane Club with its former airfield name, and Syferfontein became known as Baragwanath once again.

In the late 1990s and early 2000s, two other large hangars were built, the first being Noel Otten and Mike McAuley’s Toy Box, and later Johan Marits built his own hangar at the southern side of the airfield. Construction still goes on at Baragwanath, with the newest large hangar almost complete, as at April 2013, to the east of the field.

Baragwanath has been the scene of many memories for many people. It has been the location of many celebrations, the most noteworthy being the de Havilland Centenary and the 50th Anniversary of the Pitts Special. It has been the location of aerobatic and flying competitions, camp-outs and fly-ins. But most of all, Baragwanath is a place where friends can meet, swap stories of fights that they have and have not flown, trade advice, and enjoy the spirit of flying that has been passed on since the inception of the Johannesburg Light Plane Club in 1926.

Opening of the Syferfontein Airfield

By Jenny Zeederberg

23 October 1982

After so many months of problems, crises, difficulties and no airfield, Saturday 23rd October dawned clear and bright for JLPC. There was red dust and blue fibreglass toilets but the move had been made, the runway was tarred, 2 blocks of hangars were up and JLP was alive again.

The official ceremony was simples; a speech from the Chairman, Mr. Phillip Hesselson, who thanked everyone who had made the move possible: Crown Mines, Mr. J. A. Stewart, City Engineer, .Aero Club of South Africa, D.C.A., the JLPC Committee and particularly Paul Godwin. Major General James Gilliland, Chairman of the Aero Club of South Africa, asked to cut the symbolic white ribbon, said that JLPC had shown initiative and determination in the face of adversity and the new airfield would carry “the spirit of Bara-G” into the future. Though a passing glider nearly cut the ribbon prematurely with his wheel, Major General Gilliland officially opened the taxiway and Paul Godwin in ZS-CRB rolled out to make the first ceremonious flight.

He was followed by quite a crowd as Brian Zeederber had co-ordinated an informal air show for the afternoon. Captain Wallace and Richard Proudfoot of the SAAF Museum hovered about in the beautifully restored Fiesler Storch under the watchful eye of Col. Dave Becker.

There were a number of other watchful eyes in the crowd that afternoon. One pair belonged to Karl Sembach of the Directorate of Civil Aviation and another to Mr. Arthur Thomas, Director of Flight Services D.C.A., which somewhat subdued and hi-jinks.

Nick Turvey, looking as good as new, kept a close watch on aerobatics. Another pair of sharp eyes belonged to Mr. J.A. Stewart, City Engineer, who was very impressed with how much work had been done in such a brief time. Mr. Stewart also pointed out that the Syferfontein land is dolomitic and unsuitable for residential purposes. Mr. Stewart also mentioned that Syferfontein is out of the “foggy area”.

The air show, informal though it was, showed just how diverse flying at JLPC is. The many EAA members who flew in represented the large element of home builders. A formation of five Tiger Moths showed the Baragwanath tradition of housing one of the largest Tiger squadrons in the world would continue at Syferfontein. Basil Brandt in the N.A.C. Beech Duchess did a very impressive demonstration, showing that executive twins can also make flying exciting, in the hands of the right pilot. Lucio Vasylenk did a spectacular smoke-trailing aerobatic display followed by Dave Murchie in the Citabria, both representing the aerobatic section and rejoicing in the lack of vociferous residents complaining about revving engines. (Jus a quick reminder here that the 1982 S.A. National Aerobatic Championships will be held in Welkom on 2, 3, 4th December; Contact Brian Zeederberg 786-0814 for details)

Four Pipers took to the air to show that JLPC still has a Flight School to be operated by V. de Villiers, and is aware of modern technology and also showed that not only a Pitts can make a crowd gasp.

Steve Thomas waltzed his glider through the air to remind everyone that though the glider section is based at Donaldson Dam, they are still an active part of JLPC. Mike Piche’s Scorpion helicopter rotored in to show wings are not necessary for flight – a point also made by Richard McLain’s Mitchell Cotts balloon sailing majestically over the hangars power only by hot air. The highlight of the afternoon was the teatime visit of the Spitfire en route from a show at Nylstroom. A series of low level passes culminated in a glorious victory roll much to the delight of the crowd.

Construction of the new clubhouse, designed by Paul Godwin, has begun. The clubhouse will be built in stages, depending on funds and needs, but the foundation will be for a larger building than Stage One which will be ready for Christmas 1982. This will provide a small lounge, kitchen, stores and toilet facilities. The final plans provide for a flight office and lounge, a general lounge, mens and ladies bars, a much larger kitchen and dining room, offices and stores. Contractor Koos Meyer is close to his job as his father is the club’s “landlord”. Much money has already been spent at Syferfontein but it will take a lot more money to duplicate or improve on Baragwanath’s facilities. The petrol pumps are being moved and by Christmas, fuel will be available. Drilling for water is still in progress and positive results are hoped for soon.

The 1 100m (3 600 feet) runway has been tarred, taxiways graded and two blocks of T-hangars erected with the rest to follow shortly. 80 hangars will be available with two ways of renting: a down payment of R800 to cover moving costs and a guaranteed rental for five years of R35 per month or: a straight monthly rental of R65 with no guarantees against escalation.

With no clubhouse, Brian Roach – organiser of the opening festivities – had to make temporary arrangements. Sinclair Perry came to the rescue with a superb lamb-on-a-spit with salads organised by Mrs. Steensma. Mike McAuley did a marvellous job with hotdogs and Tom Botha ensured that no one went thirsty. They all did a great job in less than perfect conditions.

Syferfontein is now well and truly open but it is still nameless. The Committee is open to bids (the highest yet received is R5000) for the naming of the filed so… anyone desirous of joining the ranks of Jan Smuts, Charles de Gaulle and J.F. Kennedy has only to put up his money in order to go down in posterity!

Pictures: 1970 – 1979

Aerial view of Baragwanath airfield in the 1970s
de Havilland Tiger Moth ZS-CDJ and Aerospatiale SA 321 Super Frelon SAAF 303
Photograph: Derek May via Noel Otten collection
Baragwanath Air Show 12 August 1972
Baragwanath Air Display Programme
12 August 1972

Pictures: 1960 – 1969

Beechcraft D18S ZS-BVR
The aircraft was written off at Balfour 12 February 1967
Photograph: Frits Boer
Date on reverse of photo is 1964
de Havilland DH.114 Heron ZS-DLO
Photograph: Frits Boer.
Date on reverse of photo is 1964
de Havilland DH.114 Heron ZS-DLO
Photograph: Frits Boer.
Date on reverse of photo is 1964
South African Airways Boeing 707, ZS-CKD “Cape Town”, performing a low-level fly-past at the Baragwanath Air Show, 24 June, 1967.
Photograph: Frits Boer
South African Airways Boeing 707, ZS-CKD “Cape Town”, performing a low-level fly-past at the Baragwanath Air Show, 24 June, 1967.
Photograph: Frits Boer
South African Airways Boeing 707, ZS-CKD “Cape Town”, performing a low-level fly-past at the Baragwanath Air Show, 24 June, 1967.
Photograph: Dave Milne
Zlin Z-226T ZS-EID with “Nick” Turvey at the Baragwanath Air Show 24 June 1967 Roland Archer Nicholas Turvey (16 November 1931-26 March 2006)
Photograph: Frits Boer
Breezy ZS-UDH at the Baragwanath Air Show 24 June 1967. The inscription on the tail reads “finn der Merwe”
Photograph: Frits Boer
Breezy ZS-UDH at the Baragwanath Air Show 24 June 1967. The inscription on the tail reads “finn der Merwe”
Photograph: Frits Boer
de Havilland DH.82A Tiger Moth c/n 84997 ZS-DGA “Wing Walker” at the Air Display at Baragwanath Aerodrome, 24 June 1967.
Photograph: Frits Boer collection
African Mirror Newsreel of the 24 June 1967 Baragwanath Air Display
Baragwanath Air Display Programme
22 June 1968
Baragwanath Air Display Programme
26 July 1969

Harold Macmillan visits Baragwanath

On 28 January 1960 British Prime Minister Maurice Harold Macmillan landed at Baragwanath Airport on his African tour.

Pictures: 1950 – 1959

From The Sunday Times 19 October 1952
The Air Pageant was held on Saturday 18 October 1952

Rand’s biggest air pageant staged tomorrow

By the Air Correspondent

From unidentified Newspaper clipping dated 17 October 1952

THE BIGGEST AIR PAGEANT yet staged on the Rand will be held at Baragwanath Aerodrome tomorrow afternoon to celebrate the 25th anniversary of the Johannesburg Light Plane Club, the oldest and largest flying club in the Union.

Aerobatics and formation flying by Harvard trainers and light aircraft will provide the backbone of the programme, but the “Farnborough touch” will be given by a Vampire jet fighter of the Southern Rhodesia Air Force. This 600-mile-an-hour machine recently flew from London to Bulawayo in 17 hours. Its flight to Baragwanath will occupy about 10 minutes. It is hoped that South African Air Force jet aircraft will also take part.

In the absence of supersonic aircraft in South Africa, the organizers have arranged that the “sound barrier” shall be broken by the club’s “screech plane” (a Tiger Moth fitted with a siren). The pilot will be Mr. George Gray, general manager of the club. Two explosions will signal accomplishment of this feat.

Another visiting aircraft is expected to be a DC-6B “Super Six” of Pan American World Airways, which also celebrates its 25th anniversary this year. It is hoped that it will arrive from Leopoldville in time to fly over Baragwanath and dip its wings in salute. On Sunday, members of the club will present souvenirs to the crew.


A display of glider flying will be given at 2.15 p.m. by members of the Johannesburg Soaring Centre, including Mr. “Boet” Dommisse, who recently wrested an international record from Russia. Leading aerobatic flyers will be Capt. Stan Murray, D.F.C., Lt. Tom Vanston, Mr. W. A. T. Johl and Lt. F. Potgieter D.F.C. The first three will give a display with aircraft tied together by tape.

The programme begins at 2 p.m. and will last three Hours. A mass low level fly past of about 30 aircraft is timed for 4 p.m.

Pictures: 1940 – 1949

Johannesburg Light Plane Club members resumed flying at Baragwanath on June 8. Unfortunately, the Defence authorities have not yet fully handed over, and though the club’s other aircraft will be available shortly, there were only three machines in the air that day. The upper picture shows the fine clubhouse. Below: Mr. J. Kelly, the club’s instructor, looks towards the runway where so many famous airmen have trained and which before long will again be one of South Africa’s most active aerodromes.

Photos: Garthorne and Keartland.

Article in Wings magazine, July 1946.
Baragwanath airfield control tower – 1940s
3rd May 1947 Baragwanath Air Pageant programme front cover.
Event organised by The Aero Club of South Africa
South African Air Force, SAAF, Short Sunderland Mark V Flying Boat RB-H 1703 of 35 Squadron at the 1947 Baragwanath Air Show, 3 May 1947
1947 Wings Magazine April article promoting The Aero Club of South Africa upcoming Air Pageant on the 3rd of May.

Pictures: 1930 – 1939

Baragwanath Airfield. The aircraft in the foreground is ZS-ABA, DH.60G Moth (Gipsy I) c/n 842 ex G-UABA Regd (CofR 27) 1.1.29 to MCG Meyer. Regd (.30) to Johannesburg Light Plane Club Ltd; named “Maryland”. Crashed Baragwanath 27.12.30.
A line-up of de Havilland Puss Moths and Gipsy Moths in front of the original Baragwanath Airfield facilities. The photo was taken in either late 1930 or before 5 May 1931 as DH.80A Puss Moth ZS-ACC, far left, crashed on 5 May 1931 killing Lt-Cdr Glen Kidston and Capt Thomas A (Tony) Gladstone. DH.80A Puss Moths from left to right are: ZS-ACC, ZS-ACF, ZS-ACG, ZS-ACA and ZS-ACH.
The Puss Moths from left to right are: ZS-ACH, ZS-ACA, ZS-ACG, ZS-ACF and ZS-ACC.
A delicately-worked silver trophy – a replica to exact scale of a metal Gipsy Moth aeroplane – has been presented to the Johannesburg Light Aeroplane Club by Mr. Stanley Thomas Edward People in order to encourage pilots to study the art of “blind flying”. The trophy is to be competed for in open competition every year, and will be awarded to the pilot making the best performance for the year in completing a triangular course under “blind flying” conditions.
The plans have now been passed for the new club house for the Johannesburg Aeronautical Association at Baragwanath at an early date. In addition to the offices of the association, the club house will include a large lounge, a lecture room, map room and offices for the club captain and pilots. The architects are Messrs. Kallenbach, Kennedy and Furner. 1934.
The clubhouse of the Johannesburg Light Plane Club at Baragwanath Airfield, 6 January 1936.
Item in the South African Architectural Record October 1937.
The special feature of the Baragwanath Clubhouse was the Californian Redwood Shingles.

Jackie Moggridge

1938. Jackie Moggridge (nee Dolores Theresa Sorour) learns to fly at Baragwanath. She was the first woman in South Africa to do a parachute jump. Jackie was to become one of the top lady pilots of the Air Transport Auxilllary (ATA). She was awarded RAF wings in 1953.

More info here: 

Crash at Baragwanath

Crash at Baragwanath of de Havilland DH.84 Dragon, ZS-AEF, c/n 6026 after it stalled on takeoff during a steep turn. Pilot William John Charles Kennedy-Cochran-Patrick and passenger Sir Michael Oppenheimer were killed. The aircraft was owned by Aircraft Operating Company which was established by William in 1931. He had a contract for a 20,000-square-mile (52,000 km2) air route survey in Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia).

More info can be found on Wikipedia:

Pictures: 1920 – 1929

JLPC circa 1927

Photograph: Stewart Fritz Johl via Tinus le Roux
Poster promoting the South African Air Force, SAAF, air display at Baragwanath 19 October 1929.